Timeline of coronavirus in the Czech Republic

Dec. 31, 2019: China informs WHO of 27 cases of pneumonia of unknown origin linked to seafood market.

Jan. 12, 2020: Novel coronavirus is confirmed by the WHO as the cause of the respiratory illness in China

Jan. 24: First case confirmed in France.

Jan. 27: First case confirmed in Germany.

Jan. 28: Suspected cases in the Czech Republic tested but are negative.

Jan. 30:First two cases confirmed in Italy.

Jan. 30: WHO declares the virus a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, urges countries to take action.

— The Czech Foreign Ministry stops issuing visas to Chinese citizen.

Feb. 9: The Czech government approves a ban on direct flights between China and Czech Republic.

Feb. 11: WHO names the respiratory disease COVID-19, for coronavirus disease 2019.

Feb. 28: Czech Republic tests 170 suspected cases with negative results; 307 people go into home quarantine.

March 1: Czech Health Minister Adam Vojtěch announced first three confirmed cases.

March 3: Flights banned from northern Italy and South Korea to the Czech Republic.

March 4: Czech Republic bans export of all FFP3 respirators.

— Gatherings of 5,000 or more must be reported by event organizers.

March 5: Czech Republic suspends flights to and from all of Italy, South Korea and Iran.

— Hand sanitizer exports banned

March 7: Government imposes strict mandatory two-week quarantine for citizens and residents coming from Italy, sets a 3 million CZK fine for non-compliance; train and truck drivers, ambulance drivers and pilots exempted

— Suspension of visa requests to or from Iran

March 8: Anyone in contact with a confirmed COVID patient must self-quarantine for 14 days or face a fine

March 9: Hospital and nursing home visits banned, including spouses or partners at births

— Random medical checks start at border crossings and airports; info distributed in several languages

March 10: Government bans public events with 100 people

— People entering the Czech Republic from a high-risk countries must self-quarantine for 14 days or face a fine.

March 11: Global pandemic declared by WHO

— Czech primary, secondary and tertiary schools close; kindergartens and preschools still open to help working parents

March 12: Czech government declares state of emergency declared for 30 days; gatherings of more than 30 people banned; pubs and restaurants closed from 8 pm–6 am; restaurants and shops over 5,000 square meters closed; foreigners from high-risk countries banned from entering the country; Czechs banned from leaving; income tax deadline extended to July 1

— Coronavirus cases reach all regions of the Czech Republic

March 13:  Expansion of the list of high-risk countries that 14-day self-quarantine after a visit.

— Fitness, sports facilities, libraries, social clubs, galleries and museums closed

— Spreading COVID-19 on purpose declared a felony with up to a 10 year prison sentence

March 14: Restaurants and pubs ordered closed for 10 days |(later to be expanded), but take-away and delivery permitted; tourist info centers, swimming pools, casinos, marketplaces closed; public events of any size canceled; large-capacity vehicles with some exceptions banned from crossing borders; hotels limited to foreigners; prison and jail visits banned except for attorneys

—  Drive through testing centers set up; people not sent by a doctor have to pay

March 15: Army authorized to secure borders

— One hospital in Prague in Prague and another in Brno, set up to handle only COVID-19 patients

March 16: The entire country placed under home quarantine (self isolation) until March 24 (late to be expanded); no travel outside the home except of essential trips, though visiting parks is allowed;

borders essentially closed as no non-resident foreigners may enter, almost all Czech banned from leaving; foreign residents can leave but not return during the crisis; social distancing imposed in public; international train, bus and boat traffic suspended

— Four entire villages and town quarantined due to a cluster of confirmed patients

— First three recoveries reported

March 17: People in Prague must wear masks or other nose and mouth coverings on public transportation or face a fine

— Škoda Auto, TPCA, Hyundai suspend car production

March 18: Special hours set for seniors to shop in groceries, drugstores, and pharmacies; the hours will shift several times; Face covering required in in all places outside the home

— Respirators seized from a warehouse in the Ústí nad Labem region before they could be exported, part turn out to have been aid intended for Italy

March 19: Face coverings required nationwide at all times when outside your home

— Government outlines plan to cover 80% of wages for companies that have to shut down; later will walk this back and offer different support plans

March 21: Ukrainian Ruslan cargo plane arrives with millions of respirators and other protective equipment from China

March 22: First death in the Czech Republic, the elderly patient had underlying conditions

March 23: Self-isolation and other restrictions extended to April 1; no gatherings of more than 2 people unless they are part of the same family or live together; two-meter social distancing to be enforced;

police can fine on the spot for not wearing a mask in public

March 24: Healthcare workers banned from taking vacation

— One patient starts treatment with Remdesivir

March 26: All food shops and stores must supply gloves at the entrance; Czechs who have commuted to Germany or Austria are told to stay there for 21 days

March 30: Safety measures extended to April 11

— “Smart quarantine” testing begins in South Moravia

April 1: Evaluation of treatment with hydroxychloroquine starts

April 2: Government extends the border checks with Germany and Austria until midnight April 24

April 7: Biking, running, and outdoor hiking without a face mask will be permitted in forests; bikers or runners are still required to wear masks in areas they may pass within two meters of other people; tennis courts and other non-contact sports areas can reopen, but not showers or locker rooms

— Chamber of Deputies extends state of emergency through April 30

April 9: Ventilators donated from Taiwan arrive

— Home improvement stores, building supply stores, hardware stores, and bicycle shops and repair services can reopen

April 14: Government announces five-phase plan for easing restrictions

— Border partly reopens

— Hyundai factory in Nošovice restarts production

April 20: Farmers markets, car shops and showrooms, trade shops, outdoor athletic areas for professionals, without spectators all reopen; weddings of up to 10 people can take place

— Universities open for graduating students for consultations and exams

April 23: Court invalidates key government restrictions as of April 27, claims the wrong law was used

April 24: Government asks Chamber of Deputies to extend state of emergency until May 25, speeds up planned easing of restrictions

April 27: Stores up to 2,500 square meters not in malls, gyms (except showers and changing rooms), libraries and driving schools can reopen; outdoor areas of zoos reopen

— EU citizens can come the Czech Republic for business trips

— University spaces become accessible to all students, not just ones who are graduating

— Škoda Auto restarts production

April 28: State of emergency extended to May 17 by the Chamber of Deputies, over the objections of the opposition parties

May 4: Carmaker TCPA to restart production

May 11: Outdoor areas of restaurants, cafes and pubs can reopen;  hairdressers, barbers, tanning salons and beauty salons can reopen; outdoor areas at castles and chateaux, galleries, establishments in shopping centers and other venues can reopen; museums and galleries can reopen

May 25: Indoor areas of restaurants, cafes, pubs, buffets, wineries and beer shops can reopen; hotels and other accommodation providers can reopen; taxi services, tattoo and piercing studios can reopen;

theaters, castles, chateaux and other cultural activities can restart; cultural, business, and sports events can take place for limited numbers of people; weddings following specific hygienic rules can take place; indoor areas of zoos and botanical gardens can reopen